BSE: Bombay Stock Exchange
Tracing its origins to the late 19th century, the Bombay Stock Exchange also known as the BSE India
is located on Dalal Street in Mumbai. It lists more than 5,000
companies and is counted among the largest stock exchanges in the world.
Its overall market capitalization amounts to $1.7 trillion. In 1995,
the BSE switched to an electronic system of trading from the open-floor
system. Stocks, stock futures, stock options, index futures, and index
options are all listed on this Exchange.
The BSE is managed by the Board of Directors who formulate its policy. Its daily operations are handled by a managing director.
- The BSE acts as the regulator in the securities market by putting in place various monitoring and surveillance mechanisms.
- It can pinpoint irregularities or discrepancies in stock prices.
- The BSE provides counter-party risk management in all transactions across its trading platforms.
It is the first in India to introduce equity derivatives and launch a free float index.
- • Its systems and processes are designed to safeguard market integrity and enhance operational transparency.
- • The BSE is the first exchange in the country and the second globally to obtain an ISO 9001:2000 certification.
- • This is the first exchange in the country
and second in the world to receive Information Security Management
System Standard BS 7799-2-2002 certification for its unique BSE Online Trading System (BOLT)
The BSE has a presence in over 400 cities and towns across the nation. Some commonly used terms in BSE are
- BSE Stock: The equity shares of various companies listed on the BSE Trading System (BOLT)
- BSE Sensex: Originating from the term
‘sensitive index’ it refers to the direction of companies that are
traded on the BSE. It reflects the fluctuation in stock prices of listed
companies. It is also known as the BSE index.
- Rally: This refers to the gains made by the
Sensex during the course of a day. If it persists for a few days, it is
known as a market rally.
- Crash: It refers to the decline in value of the Sensex.
There has been a manifold increase in
trading volume on the Exchange over the past decade and a half. The BSE
has many achievements and firsts to its credit and continues to innovate
by introducing new applications and services.
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